After a concerto by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar, and Bach's earlier organ transcription, BWV 592. Telemann also had a documented social connection with Bach: in March 1714 he was godparent at the baptism in Weimar of Bach's second son Carl Phillip Emanuel. After Violin Concerto in G major Op. Bach realised his other transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi after versions circulating as manuscript. The pleasure His Grace took in his playing fired him with the desire to try every possible artistry in his treatment of the organ.— Nekrolog, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and Johann Friedrich Agricola 9 (Violin Concerto in D major, RV 230): Concerto in D major, BWV 972, and earlier version BWV 972a, After Vivaldi's Op. 12, RV 265, by Antonio Vivaldi. Johann Ernst studied the keyboard with Bach's distant cousin Johann Gottfried Walther, after he became organist at the Stadtkirche in Weimar in 1707. Donald Satz wrote (June 10, 2001): Bach transcribed for the organ many works of other composers such as Vivaldi concertos. - Italian organist Daniele Boccaccio wrote these transcriptions of Bach’s violin concertos out of deep love for the music, and a deep love and understanding of his own instrument, the result being a highly original, fresh, transparent and vibrant interpretation of these well known masterpieces. 3 No. He had often heard them praised for their artistic excellence and decided upon the happy idea of arranging them all for the clavier. 3 No. Siciliano from Concerto No. 2 by Benedetto Marcello. 6, RV 316a): Concerto in G minor, BWV 975 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G major (later version published as Op. 1, RV 383a): Concerto in G major, BWV 980 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316 (later version published as Op. 10 (RV 580) to a concerto for four harpsichords and strings (BWV 1065).[34]. 2, After Johann Ernst's Op. The second concerto in that collection, in E minor, had a violino principale in its first two movements. All these piano transcriptions are arranged for two hands (piano solo). 4 No. Please follow the links to the project pages to find scores and recordings. Vivaldi? Schulze has further suggested that during his two year period studying in the Netherlands, Prince Johann Ernst is likely to have attended the popular concerts in the Niewe Kerk in Amsterdam where the blind organist Jan Jakob de Graaf performed his own transcriptions of the most recent Italian concertos. Although Forkel's account is generally acknowledged to be oversimplified and factually inaccurate, commentators agree that Bach's knowledge and assimilation of the Italian concerto form—which happened partly through his transcriptions—played a key role in the development of his mature style. I know too that when the new organ in Weimar is ready, Herr Bach will play incomparable things on it, especially at first ... Kräuter's letter ties in with the organ repairs by Trebs made between June 1713 and May 1714. Bach Italian Transcriptions: Concerto for Four Harpsichords (Vivaldi)- Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden (Pergolesi) 13 years old The following year, when Bach himself was appointed as organist in Weimar in the ducal chapel or Himmelsburg, he not only had at his disposal the recently renovated chapel organ but also the organ in the Stadtkirche. [8], Jones (2007) traces the influences on Bach's early keyboard compositions—in particular his sonatas (BWV 963/1, BWV 967) and toccatas (BWV 912a/2, BWV 915/2)—not only to the works of his older compatriots Kuhnau, Böhm and Buxtehude, but also to the works of Italian composers from the end of the seventeenth century; in particular the chamber sonatas of Corelli and the concertos of Torelli and Albinoni. Their publication by C.F. Bassoon Concerti Bassoon Concerto in E minor RV 484 -… BWV Anh. The demands of compositional quantity were great, and the transcription process shortened the length of time necessary to come up with new works or arrangements. Most of these transcriptions were based on concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, but there are also works by Alessandro Marcello, Benedetto Marcello, Georg Philipp Telemann, and the musically talented Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. Most of these transcriptions of string concertos by the somewhat older composers Antonio Vivaldi and brothers Benedetto and Alessandro Marcello were made when Bach was in his twenties and represent the young composer stretching his wings by making over … Peters in the 1850s and by the Bach Gesellschaft in the 1890s played a decisive role in the Vivaldi revival of the twentieth century. Bach, Johann Sebastian : Largo in d minor from Concerto BWV 975 - Organ transcription (after Concerto RV 316 by Antonio Vivaldi) Organ solo / Intermediate / 1 … The autograph manuscript is remarkable for its detailed specifications of organ registration and use of the two manuals. Bach and Walther arranged different sets of concertos: Bach favoured the more recent ritornello form, less prevalent in the earlier concertos transcribed by Walther. Asking for permission to stay longer in Weimar, he states that Prince Johann Ernst. 10 often attributed to, BWV 981 – Concerto in C minor, after Benedetto Marcello's Concerto Op. By ComposerOfAvantGarde in forum Classical Music Discussion, By Op.123 in forum Classical Music Discussion, By Aggelos in forum Classical Music Discussion, By jeanmarc in forum Classical Music Discussion, All times are GMT +1. [20], These transcriptions for organ have been dated to 1713–1714. Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750) Works. Once back in Weimar, he studied composition with Walther, concentrating on the violin concerto. BMC 36 - VIVALDI-BACH: Concerto Transcriptions for Harpsichord Antonio Vivaldi was born in Venice on March 4th, 1678. About Us; Chandos Records is one of the world's premier classical music record companies, best known for its ground breaking search for neglected musical gems. 1 No. After Violin Concerto in B-flat major Op. Of these, the main body were by Vivaldi, with others by Telemann, Alessandro and Benedetto Marcello and Johann Ernst himself. Since the court concerts gave Bach an opportunity to know the works in their original form, the transcriptions are not so much study-works as practical versions and virtuoso 'commissioned' music. While there is no doubt about the authenticity of BWV 592–596, the sixth concerto BWV 597 is now probably considered to be spurious. BACH Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi and the Marcellos: in D, BWV 972; in G, BWV 973; in d, BWV 974; in g, BWV 975; in C, BWV 976; in F, BWV 978; in G, BWV 980; in c, BWV 981 • Read more Sophie Yates (hpd) • CHACONNE 0796 (76: 28) Around 1714 Johann Sebastian Bach suddenly and apparently without provocation transcribed and adapted a number of Italian instrumental concertos, … Wilhelm Ernst's Lutheran piety contrasted with his younger brother's alcoholism. When Bach went to work on the “Vivaldi Transcriptions,” he fully respected the original compositions. 3 No. The first documented evidence of Bach's engagement with the concerto genre can be dated to around 1709, during his second period in Weimar, when he made a hand copy of the continuo part of Albinoni's Sinfonie e concerti a 5, Op. In the often quoted passage from his biography, Forkel wrote:[15]. 3 No. The Nekrolog contains the famous statement about the Duke, Wilhelm Ernst, encouraging Bach as an organist-composer, quoted at the start of this section. In fact the new edition of the concerto transcriptions published by the Bach-Gesellschaft in the 1890s and the ensuing controversy in assessing their authorship and that of the original concertos in the 1910s sparked a reevaluation of Vivaldi and subsequently the rediscovery of his "lost" works. They are scored for two manual keyboards and pedal.[21]. 3 (Violin Concerto in G major, After Vivaldi's Op. The markings are also significant for what they show about performance practise at that time: during the course of a single piece, hands could switch manuals and organ stops could be changed.[22][23][24]. Only in Northern Germany, where his concertos had influenced a school of composers, was his legacy properly appreciated. - III, "Composition as arrangement and adaptation", "Emulation and Inspiration: J. S. Bach's Transcriptions from Vivaldi's, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt, Violin Concerto in G major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto for 2 Violins in A minor, RV 522 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 594 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 595 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in C major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in D minor, BWV 596 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto in D minor, RV 565 (Vivaldi, Antonio), 16 Konzerte nach verschiedenen Meistern, BWV 972–987 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in D major, RV 230 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 299 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Oboe Concerto in D minor, S.Z799 (Marcello, Alessandro), Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in E major, RV 265 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 310 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in B-flat major, RV 383a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto, TWV 51:g1 (Telemann, Georg Philipp), 12 Concerti Grossi, Op.1 (Marcello, Benedetto), L'estro armonico, Op.3 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Toccata and Fugue in D minor ("Dorian"), BWV 538, Fantasia and Fugue in G minor ("Great"), BWV 542, Prelude and Fugue in E minor ("Wedge"), BWV 548, Eight Short Preludes and Fugues, BWV 553–560, Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major, BWV 564, Prelude (Toccata) and Fugue in E major, BWV 566, Fantasia ("Pièce d'Orgue") in G major, BWV 572, Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 582, Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", BWV 769, Capriccio on the departure of a beloved brother, Concerto transcriptions, BWV 592–596 and 972–987, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of fugal works by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Weimar_concerto_transcriptions_(Bach)&oldid=985011729, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a url parameter, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 10, RV 580 Bach & Vivaldi - Transcriptions for Guitar by Marko Feri: Johann Sebastian Bach: French Suite No.1, BWV 812 Johann Sebastian Bach: French Suite No.2, BWV 813 Antonio Vivaldi – Sonata No.1, RV47 Antonio Vivaldi – Sonata No.4, RV 45 Format: Digital release (PDF), with fingerings. Based on known manualiter settings within Bach's works for organ, the possible audience for performances of virtuosic keyboard compositions and the circumstances of their composition, Marshall has suggested that the concerto transcriptions BWV 972–987 might originally have been intended as manualiter settings for the organ. Benedetto Marcello's Op. 8 (Concerto in A minor for two violins and strings, RV 522): Concerto in A minor, BWV 593, After Vivaldi's Op. Johann Sebastian Bach was a court musician in Weimar from 1708 to 1717. In July 1714, however, poor health forced him to leave Weimar to seek medical treatment in Bad Schwalbach: he died a year later at the age of nineteen. The sequence of the concertos in this manuscript is possibly as intended by the composer. [17][18], The reception of the concerto transcriptions is reflected in their transmission: they were less widely disseminated than Bach's original organ or keyoard works and were only published in the 1850s during the mid-nineteenth century Bach revival. "Vivaldi, Antonio -- Violin Concerto No. 11, RV 565. After Violin Concerto in D major Op. He was thus led to study their structure, the musical ideas on which they are built, the pattern of their modulations, and many other characteristics. For more information and season tickets, call the Greensboro Symphony Box Office: 336-335-5456 x 224. In 1709 the virtuoso violinist Johann Georg Pisendel visited Weimar: he had studied with Torelli and is likely to have acquainted Bach with more of the Italian concerto repertoire. The precise dating and true authorship was later established from the manuscript: the handwriting and the watermarks in the manuscript paper conform to cantatas known to have been composed by Bach in Weimar in 1714–1715. 1 No. Bach: Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi CHAN 0796. The remaining organ transcriptions come from copies made in Leipzig by Bach's family and circle: these include his eldest son Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, whose organ repertoire included the transcriptions; his pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola; and Johann Peter Kellner. About Chandos. Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist Bach’s organ and harpsichord transcriptions BWV 592–596 and 972–987 belong to the year July 1713 to July 1714, were made at the request of Prince Johann Ernst von Sachsen-Weimar, and imply a definite connection with the concert repertory played in Weimar and enlarged by the Prince’s recent purchases of music. Vivaldi's violin concertos, which had just been published, gave him the guidance he needed. [12], Schulze (1972) harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFSchulze1972 (help) has given the following explanation for the transcriptions:[13]. 1 No. JS Bach: The Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi. Bach admired Vivaldi, and the "italian style" in general. 45–78” in, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 12:43. He wrote most, if not all, of his concerto transcriptions for organ (BWV 592–596) and for harpsichord (BWV 592a and 972–987) from July 1713 to July 1714. There 's always something new and different about them. of Vivaldi… During his first brief period in Weimar in 1703 Bach was employed as a court violinist for seven months by Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, who ruled jointly with his elder brother Wilhelm Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Sophie Yates (harpsichord) Benedetto was a more prolific composer than his elder brother Alessandro. 8; Bach, J S: Couperin Aria in F major, BWV587; Bach, J S: Fasch Trio in C minor, BWV585; Bach, J S: Organ Concerto in A minor (after Vivaldi), BWV593 After Violin Concerto in G major, RV 299, by Antonio Vivaldi. Bach himself transcribed solo concertos by Italian composers (Vivaldi, Torelli a.o.) Vivaldi is recognised as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread over Europe. J.S. 9, RV 230, by Antonio Vivaldi. These include all the transcriptions of the Venetian concertos (those by Vivaldi and the Marcello brothers). After Violin Concerto in E major Op. Transcription of a concerto by Vivaldi (RV 230) Extra videos. 3 No. During this time, Bach made about twenty keyboard transcriptions of concertos by other composers; five were written expressly for the organ. This transcription of Vivaldi's concerto had the heading on the autograph manuscript altered by Bach's son Wilhelm Friedemann Bach who added "di W. F. Bach manu mei Patris descript" sixty or more years later. Williams: Transcription for 2 pianos: Pedal-Exercitium, BWV 598: Most of these transcriptions were based on concertos by Antonio Vivaldi. This concerto is an transcription of Antonio Vivaldi's double violin concerto, Op. These have customarily been divided into two distinct groups, his works for organ and his works for harpsichord or clavichord. for organ solo. [14], Published records of Bach's life include his Nekrolog or obituary, written in 1754 by his son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and former pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola, and the 1802 biography of Johann Nikolaus Forkel. 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